Personal Health And Hygiene Pdf
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- 7 Personal hygiene
- Creating a Personal Hygiene Routine: Tips and Benefits
- Water, Sanitation & Environmentally-related Hygiene
- Why is personal hygiene important?
Personal hygiene is how you care for your body. This practice includes bathing, washing your hands, brushing your teeth, and more. Every day, you come into contact with millions of outside germs and viruses. They can linger on your body, and in some cases, they may make you sick.
7 Personal hygiene
Personal hygiene is how you care for your body. This practice includes bathing, washing your hands, brushing your teeth, and more. Every day, you come into contact with millions of outside germs and viruses. They can linger on your body, and in some cases, they may make you sick. Personal hygiene practices can help you and the people around you prevent illnesses.
They can also help you feel good about your appearance. Learn more about why hygiene is so important, the best ways to practice it, and how you can change your habits to make yourself feel and look better.
These main categories are a useful place to start for building good hygiene habits:. Wash your hands after you use the restroom. Scrub with soap for 20 to 30 seconds, and be sure to clean between your fingers, on the back of your hands, and under your nails.
Rinse with warm water, and dry with a clean towel. Personal preference may dictate how often you wish to shower, but most people will benefit from a rinse at least every other day. Showering with soap helps rinse away dead skin cells, bacteria, and oils. You should also wash your hair at least twice a week. Shampooing your hair and scalp helps remove skin buildup and protects against oily residues that can irritate your skin.
Trim your nails regularly to keep them short and clean. Brush under them with a nail brush or washcloth to rinse away buildup, dirt, and germs. Tidying your nails helps you prevent spreading germs into your mouth and other body openings.
You should also avoid biting your nails. Good dental hygiene is about more than just pearly white teeth. Caring for your teeth and gums is a smart way to prevent gum diseases and cavities. Brush at least twice a day for 2 minutes. Aim to brush after you wake up and before bed. If you can, brush after every meal, too. Floss between your teeth daily, and ask your dentist about using an antibacterial mouthwash. These two steps can help prevent tooth decay and eliminate pockets where bacteria and germs can build up.
This includes covering your mouth and nose when sneezing, wiping down shared surfaces with an antibacterial wipe, and not sharing any utensils or electronics.
Also, immediately throw away any soiled tissues. Germs on your hands can easily enter your body through your mouth, nose, eyes, or ears. Wash your hands:. Good personal hygiene will help your kids stay healthy, ward off illnesses, and build better self-awareness.
This helps you begin the process and slowly teaches them as they grow and take over the process. They can brush their own teeth by about 3 years old. You can also use this time to teach them how to wash their hair without getting suds in their eyes — and what to do if they do. During potty training , make washing hands an integral step in the process. Encourage your children to wash under their nails at each shower — a fun nail brush will help. Then, sit down with them weekly after a shower for a trim.
Your nails are softer and clip more easily after a shower. Good personal hygiene habits are directly related to less illnesses and better health. Poor personal hygiene habits, however, can lead to some minor side effects, like body odor and greasy skin. They can also lead to more troublesome or even serious issues.
This can lead to any number of issues, from stomach viruses to pink eye. Not brushing your teeth can lead to teeth issues and plaque buildup. Poor dental care is also a risk factor for several serious health issues, including heart disease.
Poor hygiene habits can also affect your self-esteem. Looking and feeling presentable can give you a confidence boost and a sense of pride in your appearance.
Other conditions may be prevented or the risk minimized by practicing good personal hygiene. These are some examples:. If you want to improve your personal hygiene or help a child develop better habits, these strategies might be helpful:. Hang a reminder in the bathroom to wash your hands after using the toilet. Put a little sign by the plates or bowls in the kitchen to cue yourself to wash your hands before eating. These signs can help jog your memory and improve your habits. They can help both you and your children.
It takes time to learn a new habit. Start with a new habit at the beginning of the week and make it your priority. Practice it for a week or two.
When you feel comfortable with it, add a new one. The decision to shower in the morning or at night is mainly based on personal preference. It may also make you feel calm and fresh for the day ahead, and that may decrease inflammation and the stress hormone cortisol.
Others prefer to take a shower or bath in the evening as a form of relaxation and to remove any dirt, germs, or allergens before going to bed.
Some experts assert that bathing at night helps one sleep better. Individuals should consider their personal bodies and preferences. For instance, if you tend to sweat during sleep, a morning shower might be best. Some people choose to bathe twice a day. However, this might dry out your skin.
The choice is yours, just be sure to build a healthy personal hygiene habit. Building good personal hygiene habits takes a lifetime of learning and honing. Caring for yourself in these manners is good for your physical health as well as your mental health. If you find it difficult to adapt to these practices, talk with your doctor or dentist.
Sometimes, explanations and demonstrations are a good jump-start for taking better care of yourself. This is especially true for kids. A doctor can better explain the consequences of not caring for yourself, and a parent can use them as backup for building habits that will last a lifetime. Despite what shampoo commercials lead you to believe, washing your hair can be a key contributor to a bad hair day.
Learn how to get rid of unusual vaginal odor and more. Here are some tips for how to safely clean your ears. Smegma is a substance made up of oil and dead skin cells which can accumulate under the foreskin in uncircumcised males, or even around the folds of…. Learn more. Achieving healthy teeth takes a lifetime of care. Washing your hands properly with soap and running water can keep away illnesses that affect people who are healthy and those who have weakened immune…. Following the proper procedure for washing your hands will quickly become second nature.
Scrubbing hands together for 20 or more seconds is enough to…. Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. Types of personal hygiene. Personal hygiene for kids. Side effects of poor personal hygiene. Creating a personal hygiene routine. Q: Is it better to shower in the morning or at night? Anonymous patient. A: The decision to shower in the morning or at night is mainly based on personal preference. All content is strictly informational and should not be considered medical advice.
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Creating a Personal Hygiene Routine: Tips and Benefits
Hygiene is a series of practices performed to preserve health. According to the World Health Organization WHO , "Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that help to maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases. Many people equate hygiene with 'cleanliness,' but hygiene is a broad term. It includes such personal habit choices as how frequently to take a shower or bath, wash hands , trim fingernails , and wash clothes. It also includes attention to keeping surfaces in the home and workplace, including bathroom facilities, clean and pathogen -free. Some regular hygiene practices may be considered good habits by the society, while the neglect of hygiene can be considered disgusting, disrespectful, or threatening.
Water, Sanitation & Environmentally-related Hygiene
The human body can provide places for disease-causing germs and parasites to grow and multiply. These places include the skin and in and around the openings to the body. It is less likely that germs and parasites will get inside the body if people have good personal hygiene habits. If possible, everybody should have a shower or a bath every day. However, there may be times when this is not possible, for example, when people are out camping or there is a shortage of water If this happens, a swim or a wash all over the body with a wet sponge or cloth will do cleaning the teeth at least once a day.
There is no evidence showing anyone has gotten COVID through drinking water, recreational water, or wastewater. Hygiene refers to behaviors that can improve cleanliness and lead to good health, such as frequent hand washing , face washing , and bathing with soap and water. In many areas of the world , practicing personal hygiene etiquette is difficult due to lack of clean water and soap.
Practicing good personal hygiene is important for helping keep the body healthy and clean. In this article, we outline the importance of personal hygiene. We also discuss different types of hygiene, self-care routines, and what may happen if hygiene practices lapse.
Why is personal hygiene important?
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The exercise of proper personal hygiene is one of the essential parts of our daily life. Many people in rural areas may not understand what good or bad personal hygiene is. The prevention of communicable diseases, like diarrhoea, trachoma and many others is highly possible through the application of proper personal hygiene. You need to learn the proper practice of personal hygiene and use this for the prevention and control of important public health diseases that are prevalent in your locality. SAQ 3.
Personal Hygiene. For Health Extension Workers. Worku Legesse. Argaw Ambelu. Jimma University. In collaboration with the Ethiopia Public Health Training.