# Parametric And Nonparametric Tests Pdf

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## non parametric test spss pdf

Simply put: AnalystNotes offers the best value and the best product available to help you pass your exams. Quantitative Methods 2 Reading Hypothesis Testing Subject Parametric and Non-Parametric Tests. Why should I choose AnalystNotes? Find out more. Subject Parametric and Non-Parametric Tests PDF Download In hypothesis tests, analysts are usually concerned with the values of parameters, such as means or variances. To undertake such tests, analysts have had to make assumptions about the distribution of the population underlying the sample from which test statistics are derived.

Given either of these qualities, the tests can be described as parametric tests. All hypotheses tests that have been considered in this section are parametric tests. For example, an F-test relies on two assumptions: Populations 1 and 2 are normally distributed. Two random samples drawn from these populations are independent. The F-test is concerned with the difference between the variance of the two populations. Variance is a parameter of a normal distribution. Therefore, the F-test is a parametric test.

There are other types of hypothesis tests, which may not involve a population parameter or much in the way of assumptions about the population distribution underlying a parameter. Such tests are nonparametric tests. Nonparametric tests have different characteristics: They are concerned with quantities other than parameters of distributions. They can be used when the assumptions of parametric tests do not hold for the particular data under consideration. They make minimal assumptions about the population from which the sample comes.

A common example is the situation in which an underlying population is not normally distributed. Other tests, such as a median test or the sign test, can be used in place of t-tests for means and paired comparisons, respectively. Nonparametric tests are normally used in three cases: When the distribution of the data to be analyzed indicates or suggests that a parametric test is not appropriate.

When the data are ordinal or ranked, as parametric tests normally require the data to be interval or ratio. One might be ranking the performance of investment managers; such rankings do not lend themselves to parametric tests because of their scale. When a test does not involve a parameter.

For instance, in evaluating whether or not an investment manager has had a statistically significant record of consecutive successes, a nonparametric runs test might be employed. Another example: if you want to test whether a sample is randomly selected, a nonparametric test should be used. In general, parametric tests are preferred where they are applicable. They have stricter assumptions that, when met, allow for stronger conclusions.

However, nonparametric tests have broader applicability and, while not as precise, do add to your understanding of phenomena, particularly when no parametric tests can be effectively used. Learning Outcome Statements k. LOS Quiz. Subject marked as complete. Subject marked as incomplete. Subject bookmarked for review later on your dashboard. Bookmark removed from your dashboard. Download study notes in a PDF file immediately.

Over 5, practice questions that cover the entire CFA curriculum. Global CFA ranking: Know where you stand at all times vs. Why wait? Everything you need to pass your exam is included.

Join now and your account will be upgraded immediately! Click here for details. Register a user account to print out study notes and all practice questions. My Flashcard:. User Contributed Comments 4 User Comment achu non parametric tests weaker, but require fewer distributional assumptions. AUAU can anyone gives some example for non-parametric tests jpducros Runs tests which examine the pattern of successive increases or decreases in a random variable and rank correlation tests which examine the relation between a random variable's relative numerical periods are examples of non parametric tests.

Shaan23 kaplan meier test. I passed! I did not get a chance to tell you before the exam - but your site was excellent. I will definitely take it next year for Level II. Tamara Schultz. My Own Flashcard No flashcard found. Add a private flashcard for the subject. Runs tests which examine the pattern of successive increases or decreases in a random variable and rank correlation tests which examine the relation between a random variable's relative numerical periods are examples of non parametric tests.

## non parametric test spss pdf

It is often used when the assumptions of the T-test For the exact test, the test statistic, T, is the smaller of the two sums of ranks. First, nonparametric tests are less powerful. For example, it is believed that many natural phenomena are 6normally distributed. One issue being highlighted was that these formal normality tests are very sensitive to the sample size of the variable concerned. Parametric vs. Non-Parametric Statistical Tests If you have a continuous outcome such as BMI, blood pressure, survey score, or gene expression and you want to perform some sort of statistical test, an important consideration is whether you should use the standard parametric tests like t-tests or ANOVA vs.

Questions the Wilcoxon Sign Test Answers. Here you are getting a selected list of … You have to select the topic and answer a question with 4 options. A statistical test used in the case of non-metric independent variables, is called nonparametric test. Nonparametric tests serve as an alternative to parametric tests such as T-test or ANOVA that can be employed only if the underlying data satisfies certain criteria and assumptions. A non-parametric test should not be used to calculate an 'average' that will be used in decision-making.

## What is the difference between a parametric and a nonparametric test?

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Chi-Square tests are another kind of non-parametric test, useful with frequency data number of subjects falling into various categories. The tests dealt with in this handout are used when you have one or more scores from each subject. All four tests covered. Dettori, PhD2, and Jens R.

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This book demonstrates that nonparametric statistics can be taught from a parametric point of view.