Canadian Professional Engineering And Geoscience Pdf
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- Canadian professional engineering and geoscience : practice and ethics
- Canadian professional engineering and geoscience
- National Professional Practice Exam (NPPE)
- Canadian Professional Engineering And Geoscience: Practice and Ethics
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Canadian professional engineering and geoscience : practice and ethics
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Please help us to share our service with your friends. Share Embed Donate. Printed and bound in Canada 1 11 11 10 10 09 0 2 3 4 5 12 orr more mo m o e information ore in nfo orm rmati att on contact contactt For Nelson on Education Educ E uccatio uca tion n Ltd. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transcribed, or used ussed d in n any any y form form fo m or or by y anyy means— means— — gra r phic, electronic, ra electr ele lectroni niicc,, or or m echan han nicall, l, graphic, mechanical, inc ncclud ud uding ding in ng n g photocopying, photo ph to ocop pying, including recording, taping, Web distribution, or information storage and retrieval systems— without the written permission of the publisher.
Library and Archives Canada attion Cataloguing in Publicati Publication For permission to use material from this text or product, submit all requests online at www. ISBN: Every effort has been made to trace ownership of all copyrighted material and to secure permission from copyright holders. In the event of any question arising as to the use of any material, we will be pleased to make the necessary corrections in future printings. Go ord rdon Clifford , Andrews, G.
First published under title: Canadian professional engineering. Engineering ethics— Textbooks. Earth scientists— Professional ethics—Textbooks. Engineering—Canada— Textbooks. A68 '. The bridge is It has two highway traffic laness pl p us emergency shoulders. Th The he b bridge rid dge approach app pro roac oac ach ch on n Prince Pri P riinc ncee Ed Edward dwar ward Island Isla and h and ha has as 7 spans span sp anss 58 5 m; m; 1, 1 1, ,90 ft.
The 4, Th he water is as piers, which are protected by conical ice deep as 35 m ft. The bridge is equipped with electronic devices that monitor stress, strain, and motion, and transmit this data to universities and research facilities. The robot arm is essential for assembling the space station and identifies Canada as a key partner in the project. Assisting Williams was Rick Mastracchio who is out of the frame.
During the 6-hour, minute space walk, the two removed a faulty control moment gyroscope CMG-3 with a mass of kg 1, lbs. The new gyroscope is one of four CMGs CM MGss that are used to cont ntro nt ro ol th tthee orbital Williams took off th o or bita bi bita tall attitude atti at ttitu itu tude off the tth he st sstation. W Willi liiam ms to ook part par a t in ar n tthree hree hr e o the h fo ffour ur spacesp pace c walks, number off spa spacewalks performed mission, w alk ks, s, the th highest hiighestt n umbe umbe um ber o acewa alk ks p pe erfo orm med so o farr in n a single sing si n le mis issio on, and total minutes activity, a nd spent spen sp en nt a to tota ta al of of 17 17 hours ho our u s and an a nd 47 47 m in nuttes in i EVA E A a EV ctiivi vity ty,, a Canadian ty Cana Ca nadi na dia di an record.
The space station is a truly international project, constructed by the United States, Russia, 11 European countries, Japan, Brazil, and Canada. Once all of the components and solar panels have been installed, the space station will have a mass of tonnes and will cover an area equal to a Canadian football field. The International Space Station has been occupied by astronauts since November and orbits the earth about every 92 minutes.
It is visible with the naked eye as a moving star in the night sky. It is a comprehensive reference for engineers and geoscientists in any branch of these professions, in any province or territory of Canada.
The book is intended for practising professionals, recent graduates, senior undergraduates, and immigrants who wish to practise engineering or geoscience in Canada.
The book is an excellent study guide for the practice and ethics part of the Professional Practice Examination PPE required for licensing in every province and territory. Part P Par Pa a r t One—Professional On ne e —P e—P — r ofesss io iona nall Li na L Licensing i c e nss in ic n g and a n d Re an Regulation e gu u latt i on The first five chapters describe describe the th he history, structure, and d admin administration i istratio i n off Canada.
A licence is required to practise these engineering and geoscience in Canada professions, and this part describes the licensing Acts or laws , the Associations established to enforce those Acts; the licensing process, and the academic and experience requirements for admission. The Acts require licensed professionals to maintain their competence, and every Association has a mandatory or voluntary competence assurance program.
The Associations also have the authority to discipline unethical, negligent, or incompetent practitioners. Associations are not technical societies, but societies are important, as they assist professionals by stimulating research and publishing new theories, techniques, and standards.
Chapter 4 Disciplinary Powers and Procedures defines professional misconduct and reviews the disciplinary process. The chapter concludes with the case history of the Burnaby supermarket roof collapse, which led to changes in the licensing laws. Chapter 5 Technical Societies discusses the key role of technical societies, lists many societies by discipline, including charitable, honorary, and student societies, and describes the Iron Ring and Earth Sciences Ring rituals to welcome new members into our professions.
Part Two—Professional Practice These five chapters give essential, basic, practical knowledge needed by professionals. A wide variety of relevant topics are grouped under appropriate headings. Chapter 7 Private Practice, Consulting, and Business describes the benefits of private practice; encourages the professional to consider private practice as a career; and explains the basic steps in doing so, including Quality-Based licensing, business formats, assistance available, and the Quality-Ba B se s d Selection QBS process for consultants.
Chapter gives Chap Ch ap pte er 8 Hazards, Haz H Haz zar a dss, Liability, Liab Li a il ilit i y,, Standards, Sta and dards d , and ds a d Safety an Safe Sa Safe fety y gi give v s ve important advice avoiding hazards im mpo ort rtan ant advi vice vi ce for for a vo oidin ng ha h aza zard rdss and liability rd liab bilitty by y using usi sing ng standards sta andar ards to matter for professionals, chapter eensure en nsu surre ssafety.
SSafety afet af ety et y iss a ccritical r ti ri ticcal m att tterr fo or p or pro r fess feesssio ion nalss, so o th tthis his cch hap aptter includes a comprehensive section on Occupational Health and Safety y OHS legislation, and two important case histories—the Rivtow Marine and the Westray Mine—in which unsafe practices led to financial loss and death. Chapter 9 Computers, Software, and Intellectual Property explains liability and ethical problems related to computers, and gives advice for using commercial software and avoiding software piracy.
The chapter summarizes intellectual property laws, including copyright, patents, industrial designs, integrated circuits, and trademarks. Case histories on the Hartford Arena collapse and patent infringement illustrate the concepts.
Chapter 10 Fairness and Equity in the Professional Workplace explains that harassment and discrimination are not acceptable in our profession. Such behaviour is illegal under the Canadian Criminal Code and human rights legislation. The chapter includes three case studies concerning discrimination and harassment. The chapter discusses and compares the Codes of Ethics mandated by the licensing Associations, and proposes a six-step strategy for solving ethical problems.
Most readers find this chapter enlightening, as it links theory to practice. Chapter 12 Ethics in Professional Employment examines ethical issues in professional employment, such as unethical managers, labour activities, and conflicts of interest. Chapter 13 Ethics in Management examines typical issues in management, such as adhering to the licensing Act, hiring, dismissal, reviewing performance, and conflict of interest.
The chapter includes six case studies, as well as the case history of the Vancouver Second Narrows Bridge collapse, illustrating the importance of checking plans and calculations thoroughly. Chapter 14 Ethics in Private Practice and Consulting examines ethical issues in consulting, such as client—consultant relationships, advertising, bidding, g, competitive p g, confidentiality, y, conflict of interest,, and more.
The chapter closes with two very thorough case histories on toxic pollution and nuclear safety, showing how unsafe practices can easily lead to tragedy. The chapter suggests a general technique—the EGAD! F E AT U R E S This comprehensive textbook is a reference for practising engineers and geoscientists, and is suitable for individual study or classroom use.
The coverage includes every province and territory in Canada. The topics have been completely reorganized to group them logically. All chapters have been revised, updated, and thoroughly rewritten. A new chapter on the important topic of environmental sustainability has been added.
The chapter on ethical theories has been expanded to include principles of justice. Thirteen case histories of actual events illustrate practices illlusstrate that unethical pr prac acti ac tice ti c s ce lead personal disaster. About 30 typical examination questions, from several provinces, assist readers who are preparing for the Professional Practice Examination.
Personal advice is included to guide young professionals in planning their careers. Professional practice is illustrated from several perspectives, with the engineer or geoscientist as employee, as manager, or in private practice. The website accompanying the textbook www.
I would also like to acknowledge many others who assisted me in writing the three earlier editions of this textbook. Bernard, E. Norm Williams. Sincere thanks are directed to the licensing Associations and Ordres for engineering and geoscience in every province and territory for their kind assistance, and to Engineers Canada, which provided useful statistics.
Much-appreciated information on the history of the Canadian Council of Professional Geoscientists was received from Dr. Gordon D. Williams, former president of CCPG. Chapter 10 was contributed by Dr. Monique Frize, P. Roydon Fraser of the University of Waterloo collaborated in writing Chapter 17, and Dennis Burningham, a petroleum engineer in Britain, contributed many useful insights for that chapter.
I am very grateful for their help. I received advice and encouragement from Waterloo colleagues Dwight Aplevich and Carolyn Macgregor, and from colleagues Dr. Harold Davis, P. The contribution of Nelson Education Ltd.
Although I have not personally met all of the people involved in acquisition, development, photographs, permissions, copy editing, cover design, production, and marketing, I thank them for their creative and professional work.
I send special thanks to Elke Price, Senior Developmental Editor, who provided excellent communication and support during the unexpectedly lengthy rewriting, and to Paul Fam, Executive Editor, Higher Education, who monitored and resolved several key problems during the gestation of this edition. Finally, I would like to express my thanks and appreciation to my wife, Isobelle, for her companionship and unwavering support during the writing and revision of the manuscript.
Gordon C. Engineering and geoscience are highly respected professions that guard our health and safety, improve the quality of our daily lives, and generate great wealth.
Chapter 1 begins with a review of many engineering and geoscience achievements, and gives a brief overview of the professions in Canada. The chapter concludes with a description of the tragic collapse of the Quebec Bridge, a key event in the history of the professions. Today, good engineering and geoscience design are found everywhere, from the sleek lines of a new automobile, to the digital accuracy of electronic equipment, to the graceful structure of a bridge and in the wealth that flows from our mines, oil, natural gas, and other resource developments.
The importance of engineering and geoscience is especially evident in the infrastructure of the civilized society that surrounds us, making Canada such a great place to live. Most Canadians enjoy reliable electricity; a secure supply of natural gas; supply safe vehicles and aircraft; and a dependable suppl p y of pure and abundant ttap pl ap water.
Canada is a huge country, and early settlers were faced with dense forests, rough and rocky terrain, and vast distances that obstructed travel, trade, settlement, and agriculture. Engineers and geoscientists responded willingly to the challenge. The canal is an ingenious linkage of dams, locks, waterways, rivers and lakes, extending for km miles. The Canal was built by manual labour in only five years—a remarkable achievement, considering the primitive tools of the time.
Canadian professional engineering and geoscience
A requirement for licensure, the NPPE is a 3-hour, closed-book, on-line exam on ethics, professional practice, engineering law and professional liability. The National Professional Practice Examination NPPE is a 3-hour, closed-book, on-line exam on ethics, professional practice, engineering law and professional liability. Eligible applicants may write the NPPE at any time within the time frame provided by PEO as they acquire 48 months of engineering work experience required for licensure. A remotely proctored is also available for those who are unable to write in an exam centre. Special accommodations can be made for those applicants with a demonstrated need. PEO's Exam Centre will send applicants a registration notice when they are eligible to write the exam. The NPPE confirms knowledge of professionalism, law, and ethics.
National Professional Practice Exam (NPPE)
Transition to the National Professional Practice Exam As part of the qualification for registration as a professional member or engineering or geoscience licensee, members are required to pass a professional practice exam on Canadian law, ethics and professionalism. It is required that you pass the PPE as part of the qualification for registration as a professional member or an engineering or geoscience licensee. The exam is on Canadian law, ethics and professional practice, and is not a technical exam. The NPPE is a three-hour, closed-book examination. Please read this entire web page carefully before completing the application form below.
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Canadian Professional Engineering And Geoscience: Practice and Ethics
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