Development Of Science And Technology In India After Independence Pdf

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Over a period of time, India has progressively and perceptibly paved way for development in the field of Science and Technology. The 21 st century in India is apparently marked as the beginning towards an advancement in terms of technology and enrichment of knowledge base in the fields of Science. At present, India holds a strong position in terms of advanced technology.

India ranks third among the most attractive investment destinations for technology transactions in the world. Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Department of Science and Technology, has reiterated that technology is a strong priority area for the Government, and it aims to make people science centric. Modern India has had a strong focus on science and technology, realising that it is a key element for economic growth.

India Today 41st anniversary: A look at science and technology from 1975-2016

Google Scholar. Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources. Cite Factor. Directory of Science. Global Impact Factor: 0. Eurasian Scientific Journal Index. Directory of Research Journals Indexing.

Science and technology in India

In both India and Europe launched new strategies focused on innovation, for economic growth and for addressing societal challenges: the Decade of Innovation from the Indian Government and the Innovation Union from the European Union. This piqued our interest in investigating how these two political entities have envisioned the concept of innovation, particularly in studying and comparing how they have focused on people, both as final beneficiaries and thus principal legitimisers of policy actions, and as actors themselves in the innovation process. Per contra we found, in institutional documents, very different descriptions of how to adequately realise citizens' involvement, spanning from the abiding reference to people's inclusion in the Indian case to the varied discourses on public engagement in EU, down to the passive role accorded to citizens in some Expert Groups reports. The comparison between the understandings of innovation and innovators in the two contexts can enlarge and refine the argumentative and metaphoric repertoire of science communicators. Further, it can form the basis of a mature and shared debate on the role that knowledge production and innovation policies can and should play in the public governance of science and technology. In both India and Europe launched new strategies for economic growth and for addressing societal challenges focused on innovation: the Decade of Innovation from the Indian Government and the Innovation Union 1 from the European Union. Such a reading is particularly useful now that Horizon Europe, the forthcoming EU Framework Programme, is taking shape, with almost ten years passed in between the two Programmes ie.

An STI ecosystem includes universities, public and private enterprises, and human resources. Some of the top scientists, technologists and CEOs of the world have been beneficiaries of our science and policy ecosystem. The first article in this Science Policy series delved into the processes and institutions that go into creating policy for science. Our first major science policy can be traced back to the year The policy document was drafted by the government of the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru. SPR laid the foundation of scientific enterprise and scientific temper in India. Science and Technology would thus act as an instrument of socio-economic transformation.

Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Research also established that two cents worth of vitamin A given to children every six months could reduce child mortality in many countries by over one-third. In agriculture, rice-wheat rotation techniques have significantly enhanced food production in South Asia. In Central America, scientifically based natural resource management has been essential in developing the tourist industry, a major source of foreign currency.


Never the less, for a developing country, like India, scientific and technological development is a necessity. Even though India was a pioneer in the field of science.


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Science and Technology Governance and Ethics pp Cite as. This chapter discusses the evaluation of science and technology policy in India along with the fundamental values that inform the strategies and decisions deriving from it. It follows the post-independence debates and the twelve five-years plans on science and technology.

After independence, Jawaharlal Nehru initiated reforms to promote higher education and science and technology in India. Beginning in the s, close ties with the Soviet Union enabled the Indian Space Research Organisation to rapidly develop the Indian space program and advance nuclear power in India even after the first nuclear test explosion by India on 18 May at Pokhran. However, according to former Indian science and technology minister Kapil Sibal , India is lagging in science and technology compared to developed countries. While India has increased its output of scientific papers fourfold between and overtaking Russia and France in absolute number of papers per year, that rate has been exceeded by China and Brazil; Indian papers generate fewer cites than average, and relative to its population it has few scientists. India aimed "to convert India's economy into that of a modern state and to fit her into the nuclear age and do it quickly.

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Role of Science & Technology In India

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    b) After independence. S & T SYSTEM IN INDIA TODAY. GROWTH IN S & T EXPENDITURE. WHY 2 % GNP? a) Science in universities.

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