What Is Public Ip And Private Ip Pdf

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what is public ip and private ip pdf

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IPv4 address exhaustion is the depletion of the pool of unallocated IPv4 addresses.

IPv4 address exhaustion

Private IP address of a system is the IP address which is used to communicate within the same network. Using private IP data or information can be sent or received within the same network. Public IP address of a system is the IP address which is used to communicate outside the network.

Attention reader! Writing code in comment? Please use ide. Skip to content. Related Articles. Scope is global. It is used to communicate within the network. It is used to communicate outside the network. Private IP addresses of the systems connected in a network differ in a uniform manner. Public IP may differ in uniform or non-uniform manner. It works only in LAN. It is used to get internet service.

It is used to load network operating system. It is controlled by ISP. It is available in free of cost. It is not free of cost. Range: Example: Recommended Articles. Article Contributed By :. Current difficulty : Easy. Easy Normal Medium Hard Expert. Article Tags :. Most popular in Computer Networks. Most visited in Difference Between. Load Comments. We use cookies to ensure you have the best browsing experience on our website.

Understand TCP/IP addressing and subnetting basics

Network address translation NAT is a method of remapping an IP address space into another by modifying network address information in the IP header of packets while they are in transit across a traffic routing device. It has become a popular and essential tool in conserving global address space in the face of IPv4 address exhaustion. IP masquerading is a technique that hides an entire IP address space, usually consisting of private IP addresses, behind a single IP address in another, usually public address space. The hidden addresses are changed into a single public IP address as the source address of the outgoing IP packets so they appear as originating not from the hidden host but from the routing device itself. Because of the popularity of this technique to conserve IPv4 address space, the term NAT has become virtually synonymous with IP masquerading. As network address translation modifies the IP address information in packets, NAT implementations may vary in their specific behavior in various addressing cases and their effect on network traffic.


Public IP's let the general public find out information about your computer and are available to see it, for example a web server. A private IP address is an IP address used on a private network (e.g. a home network) that is not routable through the public internet. So a private IP address is for security. Subnet Masks.


Types of IP Addresses

An IP address is a unique address that identifies a device on the internet or a local network. IP stands for "Internet Protocol," which is the set of rules governing the format of data sent via the internet or local network. In essence, IP addresses are the identifier that allows information to be sent between devices on a network: they contain location information and make devices accessible for communication.

Private IP address of a system is the IP address which is used to communicate within the same network. Using private IP data or information can be sent or received within the same network. Public IP address of a system is the IP address which is used to communicate outside the network. Attention reader! Writing code in comment?

An IP Internet Protocol address is a numerical label assigned to the devices connected to a computer network that uses the IP for communication. IP address act as an identifier for a specific machine on a particular network. It also helps you to develop a virtual connection between a destination and a source. The IP address is also called IP number or internet address.

What is the difference between a public and private IP address?

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3 Comments

  1. Leslie T. 12.05.2021 at 00:09

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  2. Andrea S. 16.05.2021 at 02:11

    This article is intended as a general introduction to the concepts of Internet Protocol IP networks and subnetting.

  3. Isquidaycong1984 19.05.2021 at 04:36

    In this use case, an organization has two mail servers with private IP addresses on the optional network of a Firebox.